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Citation Help Research Guide  

Access to resources to assist with citation and writing
Last Updated: May 14, 2015 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Citation Help Research Guide Print Page

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Description: Citation Help Research Guide

Cox Business School faculty generally accepts scholarly papers formatted to APA or MLA styles. Cite information resources and create reference or works cited lists. 


Author, date, title and publication/retrieval information

Citations help readers find sources used and provides evidence of an author's research.

Citations give appropriate credit to the original author(s) of a particular work - whether it comes from a web page, journal article, email, podcast, blog, book, newspaper, oral interview, music lyrics, or a movie.  It is a standard for all scholarly writing and publications.


  • Gather your research
  • Keep a list of all sources used
  • Document/Cite your information sources within your paper to avoid plagiarism.  

You must cite all sources used such as quotes, paraphrases, ideas, or data within your paper (in-text citations) and at the end of the paper as a reference. Place all references in alphabetical order by the author's surname.


United States copyright law requires attribution of ideas or quotes taken from another person's ideas - written or oral or another format. Failure to cite all sources is considered theft of intellectual property.  It has many consequences ranging from violation of the SMU Honor Code, academic & ehtical integrity to legal consequences of plagiarism from the copyright owner (generally an author or publisher).   


  • When & Why to Cite Sources (Basic Guide)
    Key points to consider during the process of research and writing your papers - from the University of Albany Libraries.
  • CRAP Detection "Test"  
    Use this acronym and its additional, specific questions to determine whether an information source provides:
    Current, Reliable, Authoritative, Purpose/Point of view (unbiased?)
  • CARS Checklist (Credibility, Accuracy, Reasonableness, Support)
    The CARS Checklist (Credibility, Accuracy, Reasonableness, Support) is useful in evaluating web resources that you may find. Ask questions from the checklist to avoid using shoddy infomation that may not be trustworthy, current dates, avoids biased opinions, and provides evidence of their research such as a reference list or links to credible sources used.

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Financial Times

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